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Thread: Muzzle Velocity in a Semi vs Bolt action

  1. #1
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    Muzzle Velocity in a Semi vs Bolt action

    I chrono'd my Ruger Mini 30 (7.62x39) at the range today alongside a CZ bolt action in the same calibre. Did it across several ammo types including handloads. The bolt action shoots pretty much advertised muzzle velocity as per the packet (say 2460 fps for PPU / Prvi. The Ruger semi however, 1600 fps give or take). Now 800-900 FPS difference to me seems like something is amiss. From looking online, advice seems to be that there would be a difference (gas cycling etc) but not significant.

    800 fps difference seems an awful lot to me, so do I just need to accept this or is this an indication something is amiss? There was little difference between being suppressed vs unsuppressed on the semi. The barrel length is about 30mm shorter than factory due to removing the foresight and adding a thread.

    Any insight would be welcome!

    Cheers, Feral.

  2. #2
    Rwt
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    A 30mm shorter barrel should only loose you 100fps at most, more likely around 50fps. The other thing I found with an F1 chrony was that my mates short barrel rifle it wouldn't read properly, possibly because it threw a bit of unburnt powder or debris out with it that messes with the readings. Try moving the chrony out another few meters to see what happens. What kind of chrony is it?

  3. #3
    Member Marty Henry's Avatar
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    Barrel length has a big influence on mv, short equals slower long equals faster within reason. If the brno had a longer barrel than the ruger it would be faster. Bore dimension also affects speed (looser less friction faster). Rule of thumb is quoted mv is usually from a 22 or 24 inch barrel and you loose 50-100 fps per inch below that. Dont know the effect of tapping gas before the muzzle but it must account for a few fps. My 2c worth.

  4. #4
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    Thanks gents, shooting a 17" barrel, so that might say a lot. Although I'll need to measure my mates CZ as it looked not too dissimilar.

    Using an F1 Chrony also, and I'm struggling to get it far enough forward. That said, the readings were consistent and similar whether the DPT was on or off the barrel. The CZ was unsuppressed.

  5. #5
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    Hmmm, nope, the CZ is basically the same barrel length... 17.5". Any other ideas?? Surely I can't be losing 800fps through the gas system. I'll shoot again tomorrow with a larger gas bush and see if there's any increased loss. Barrel cleaned tonight also so will see if there's any great change. Not expecting it.

  6. #6
    Almost literate. veitnamcam's Avatar
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    Possibly very generous chamber dimensions to help reliable cycling with many types of ammunition (cheap military crap etc) and maybe loose bore dimensions also would account for a large drop in pressure and velocity.
    Feral likes this.
    "Hunting and fishing" fucking over licenced firearms owners since ages ago.

  7. #7
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by veitnamcam View Post
    Possibly very generous chamber dimensions to help reliable cycling with many types of ammunition (cheap military crap etc) and maybe loose bore dimensions also would account for a large drop in pressure and velocity.
    Possibly. I'd be surprised if its the bore itself. Ruger went from .308 to .310 and thickened the barrel in the mid 2000s due to accuracy concerns. I'm shooting .310 but I might try a .311 jacketed or .312 unjacketed.

  8. #8
    Almost literate. veitnamcam's Avatar
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    It is a large difference in velocity.

    Can you get the velocity back loading up without reaching pressure signs?
    "Hunting and fishing" fucking over licenced firearms owners since ages ago.

  9. #9
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    Yeah that's what concerns me - the big gap in velocity. I'm already at the max as per the manual but marginally below factory speeds. No pressure signs. ADI 2207 at 26.5 gn pushing a 123 gn horn SP. Cases are once fired, trimmed & crimped.

  10. #10
    Member Feral's Avatar
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    I think I'll look at some .311 speer or sierra at 150gn. Bore is .310 not .308 so I should be good, might seal the bore better (if that is the issue).

  11. #11
    res
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    I have cronyed both a 12.5" 7.62x39 saiga and a 16" bikal single shot-both with the same can and found there was only about a 250 fps difference using norinco cheep stuff but the Es was about double.
    This is from memory anyway
    Using Tapatalk

  12. #12
    Member Beavis's Avatar
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    The Ruger tube probably has a true .308 bore as opposed to .311 for the calibre. Shorter barrel (presumably) + smaller hole = more friction.

  13. #13
    Almost literate. veitnamcam's Avatar
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    Smaller hole should put pressure and speed up.

    Sent from my GT-I9300 using Tapatalk
    Timmay likes this.
    "Hunting and fishing" fucking over licenced firearms owners since ages ago.

  14. #14
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    the difference in speed should mean way more drop, how does it compare in that regard?
    Tommy likes this.

  15. #15
    Member 300CALMAN's Avatar
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    This doesn't sound right. Energy loss in center fire semis is usually unreadable.
    Feral likes this.

 

 

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